Laparoscopic Umbilical/Ventral/Incisional Hernia Repair

You are having a laparoscopic umbilical, ventral, or incisional hernia repair with mesh. This type of repair is the preferred repair in patients with more weight in their abdominal wall and in those who have larger hernias. 

 

The procedure:

To perform this repair, small incisions (usually 2 incisions, less than 1cm in size each) are made on the side of the abdomen and the abdomen is inflated with gas. An incision is also made over the hernia itself and mesh is placed into the abdomen through the hernia. The hernia is then closed with stitches and the mesh is secured on the inside of the hernia, patching the area using laparoscopic instruments. The benefit of this approach is the ability to use a larger mesh for larger hernia defects. It is important to have good overlap to prevent hernia recurrence. The edges of this mesh are secured using tacks that ultimately dissolve after several months. The type of mesh that is used is made by Bard and called Ventralight ST Echopositioning Mesh. This mesh comes in several sizes and the size of mesh used is determined at the time of surgery when the true size of the hernia can be measured. The surgery is usually less than an hour long. 

 

Anesthesia:

This type of repair requires general anesthesia because the abdominal muscles have to be completely relaxed to allow access to the abdominal cavity. This is the case for all laparoscopic abdominal surgeries. 

 

Recovery:

Most of the pain experienced by patients after surgery is caused by the tacks around the perimeter of the mesh. These tacks hold the mesh to the inside of the abdominal wall and can cause pain which is worse with activity. We usually recommend both tylenol and ibuprofen be taken together and any remaining significant pain can be treated with opioid medications prescribed at the time of surgery. This is a more painful recovery in the short term than the open approach, but allows for better repair in specific circumstances.   

 

A note on mesh:

Patients often ask us “Is mesh safe?” The mesh we use has been used millions of times and is well tolerated by patients. There are lawsuits related to a specific type of mesh that was taken off the market several years back. We do not use this mesh. There are other concerns related to where mesh is placed in the groin. In the case of inguinal hernia repair, this usually relates to stitching and placing mesh over the area of the three nerves in the groin. When one of these nerves is inadvertently injured, patients can develop chronic pain. In the case of open preperitoneal inguinal hernia repair, we are placing the mesh on the inside of the hernia hole- this allows us to stay away from the area where most of the nerves course. This is one of the major benefits of repairing a hernia from the inside. Additionally, when using a foreign material like mesh, there is a chance that material becomes infected. Your body can’t defend infection in a foreign material as well as it can in our own bodies. Fortunately, this is very rare (about 1 in 10,000) but can result in the need for the mesh to be removed.

 

Risks of surgery:

During your appointment, you discussed the risks of surgery. Unfortunately, there is no way to have a risk-free surgery but we do everything we can to minimize the chance that you have a complication related to one of these risks. 

  1. Hernia recurrence – Hernias can come back after repair. After open umbilical, ventral or incisional hernia repair, the risk of recurrence is usually around 5%. There are some factors specific to each patient that can increase this risk and this is commonly discussed during your appointment.  
  2. Infection risk – 1/200 – If an infection occurs after surgery, this is usually a skin infection and is well treated with antibiotics. If the mesh becomes infected, it can require removal.
  3. Bleeding – The risk of any significant bleeding after inguinal hernia repair is less than 1/400 and this is kept very low risk when patients adhere to activity restrictions in the first couple weeks after surgery. 
  4. Injury to surrounding structures during surgery- Because this operation involves going into the abdominal cavity, there is a risk, though it is very low (1/500) of injuring one of the surrounding structures within the abdomen. If injury occurs, other operations can be required or your hernia repair could need to be delayed to another time when it is safer to proceed. 

 

Preparing for surgery: 

  • Please continue to be as active as you normally are. It is safe to exercise as long as you do not have pain with your activities. 
  • Make sure you have acetaminophen (tylenol) and ibuprofen (motrin, advil) at home as these medications are typically all that is needed to treat post-operative pain.
  • No bowel prep is needed before surgery. 
  • You will likely need to have a Covid test within 72 hours before surgery. Our medical assistants give you instructions on how best to arrange this at the time of your consultation. 
  • Depending on what facility you are having surgery in, another step is required prior to surgery: 
    • Newton-Wellesley Hospital – Our medical assistants will schedule you a pretesting phone appointment and we will contact you regarding the scheduling of this appointment. 
    • BOSS– You were given a sheet detailing what you need to do to register prior to surgery. 
    • Surgical Center of NH at Derry – You will receive an email or text from the surgery center itself to register as a new patient.  

 

The day of surgery: 

  • Please arrive promptly at the time you are given as a lot has to happen before you are wheeled into the operating room.
  • You will get an IV, meet the team (including the preoperative nurses, the OR nurse, the anesthesiologist or nurse anesthetist), and see your surgeon and physician assistant in preparation for surgery. 
  • After surgery, you will spend about 1-2 hours in the recovery room before you go home. 

 

After surgery: 

  • Take acetaminophen and ibuprofen together every 6 hours for the first 2-5 days for pain control. 
  • Avoid any activity more strenuous than casual walking for two weeks after surgery.
  • Remove bandage (if present) 48 hours after surgery. 
  • Please see these instructions for more details on your post-operative care. 
  • A note on resuming exercise after the 2 week recovery period: Once you are two weeks out from surgery, you can start testing different activities. Approach activities slowly until you are sure they don’t cause you sharp pain. Any activity that causes sharp pain at the incision should be avoided. If you feel well and are active throughout one day, it is normal to feel more sore the next day while you continue to recover. You didn’t hurt yourself so long as you don’t push through an activity that’s causing you pain while doing it. Ultimately, the goal after you are fully recovered is to get you back to all of your activities without restriction. For most of our patients who have this type of surgery, they are back to most of their pre-op activities about 1 month after surgery.  

 

We hope this information has helped you prepare for your upcoming hernia surgery. If you have any questions about the above information, please call our office to set up a follow up appointment so that we can ensure all of your questions are adequately answered and you feel comfortable prior to your surgery.